Photos tell tragic tale of submarine battle


On 1 February 1917, Germany declared unrestricted submarine warfare; with its U-boats torpedoing ships without warning, allowing passengers and crew little or no chance of escape.

Nicknamed Der Magische Guertel, or the Magic Girdle, the operation aimed to starve Britain into submission.

All ships trading with Britain were seen as targets, including those from neutral countries such as Norway, Denmark and the United States. The targeting of American ships ultimately brought the United States into the war in April 1917.

Even hospital ships were targeted by German forces during unrestricted submarine warfare, provoking worldwide outrage. Ships like HMHS Rewa, torpedoed in January 1918, were unarmed and painted with the internationally recognised symbol of the Red Cross but were still sunk.


Wrecked on the coast

To mark the anniversary of this turning point in the war, Historic England has published a selection of images that depict U-boats that were wrecked on the Cornish coast following in the end of the First World War in 1918.

The submarines had been surrendered by Germany and were on their way to be used as gunnery targets by the British Royal Navy.

They had been stripped of their engines and, buoyant and hard to tow, some sank or were wrecked on the British coast.

The photographs were taken in 1921 by naval officer Jack Casement (pictured above).


Submariners’ memorial

Also marking this year’s anniversary, the National Submariners’ memorial at Temple Pier on the Thames has also been upgraded to a Grade II* listing.

Unveiled in 1922, it commemorates the one third of the Submarine Service’s total personnel who lost their lives during the First World War – the highest proportion of any branch of the armed services.

Roger Bowdler, director of Listing at Historic England, said: ‘The declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare in February 1917 was a decisive moment in the First World War. Germany’s tactic led to devastating losses for many nations but it also horrified the world.

‘It was seen as uncivilised, ungentlemanly and ultimately brought the might of the United States into the war. By commemorating this day we can better understand its consequences and remember the many people who lost their lives in this way.’


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Royal Navy Museum marks centenary of WRNS

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Second World War WRNS with their kit

The National Museum of the Royal Navy, Portsmouth, is marking the centenary of the formation of the Women’s Royal Naval Service (WRNS) with an exhibition entitled Pioneers to Professionals. Women and the Royal Navy.

On show within the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, the display opens on 18 February and charts the history of women and the Royal Navy from the age of sail to the present.

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WRNS working on depth-charges during the First World War

Untold stories

Drawing on the collections of the National Museum of the Navy, in addition to loans from other museums and private individuals, the exhibition shines a light onto an area of naval history that has all too often been forgotten.

Among those whose story is told are Hannah Snell, who disguised herself as a man to serve in the Royal Marines, and Ann Hopping, who went to sea on Royal Navy ships in the 18th century.

The exhibition also explores the role of women during two world wars and considers the realities of everyday life in today’s Royal Navy.

For more about Pioneers to Professionals. Women and the Royal Navy, click here.

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Belgian memorial for Hertfordshire Regiment


The Hertfordshire Regiment will soon gain its first memorial outside the UK. The new monument will be constructed at the site of the 1st Battalion’s attack near St Julien on 31 July 1917 – the first day of the Battle of Passchendaele.

About 620 soldiers went into action that morning, but within two hours all the officers and 75 per cent of the other ranks had been either killed, wounded or captured. The memorial is scheduled to be unveiled on 31 July this year.


Poignant moment

Dan Hill from remembrance group Herts at War, which has been campaigning for the memorial, said: ‘We’re putting together an unveiling day with an interactive battlefield walk, to tour the field exactly 100 years to the day on from when it happened – very poignant.’

The £5,000 monument will be brick-built, bearing plaques in English and Dutch describing the battle and its importance to Hertfordshire as a whole.

Hill added: ‘The 31 July 1917 is quite simply the most important day in Hertfordshire’s military history, so to be able to commemorate it like this feels tremendous for all of us.


‘We’ll have at least 30 descendants of people that fought there on the day, as well – it’ll probably be the most Hertfordshire people there since the day of the battle – and we’ll also have live streaming so people back home can watch the unveiling as it happens, which I think is important.

‘To turn the clock back 100 years and take descendants out 100 years on, that’s exactly what we’re all about, and a fitting act of remembrance for these soldiers who gave their lives for us.’

Herts at War is interested to hear from whose relative may have fought that day, or anyone who is interested in attending the unveiling. For more information click here.

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Huge scrap-metal soldier statue on show in Dorset


A huge statue of a First World War soldier has been created from scrap metal to commemorate the men who lost their lives in the conflict.

The Daily Mail reports that the figure, known as The Haunting, stands more than six metres high and comprises items such as brake discs, horse shoes and spanners.

The artwork has been created by blacksmith and artist Martin Galbavy, who spent three months working on it at Dorset Forge and Fabrication, near Sherborne.

The figure was commissioned for private clients who plan to display it in 2018 to mark the centenary of the end of the First World War.

Dramatic creation

Chris Hannam, owner of the forge, told the newspaper: ‘The head and the hands are purposely made from sheet metal but everything else is from scrap.

‘He has been in our yard and we are having a steady stream of people coming to have a look, and they are amazed.

‘It is causing a lot of interest. Within 12 months people should be able to see him in his new location.

‘Part of the story behind this figure is that it is a ghost of a soldier, and I think Martin has captured that look very well.’

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Battle of Passchendaele commemorations 2017


The UK government has revealed its plans to commemorate the centenary of the Battle of Passchendaele (the Third Battle of Ypres).

Passchendaele is perhaps associated with the most iconic and ghastly images of the First World War, with its drifting poison gas and morasses of mud making it arguably the most appalling of battlefields. Its ferocity and horror is encapsulated in Siegfried Sassoon’s famous line: ‘I died in hell – They called it Passchendaele.’

Official commemorations

The official commemorative event will begin with a Last Post Ceremony at the Menin Gate in Ypres on 30 July.

It will be followed by a series of live performances in Ypres’ Market Square that tell the story of the Battle. Images and film will also be projected onto the town’s Cloth Hall.

Descendants of those who fought in the battle will be invited to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) Tyne Cot Cemetery on 31 July – the day the battle began.


Ballot for tickets

Opening the public ballot for tickets, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport Karen Bradley said: ‘As we continue to commemorate the centenary of the First World War, it is important that we remember the horrors of the battlefields of Ypres and honour the many who lost their lives. Some of the First World War’s most defining images of futility, mud, gas attacks and trenches come from these very battlefields.’

Descendants can apply online at before 24 February 2017.

Those wishing to be at Market Square on Sunday 30 July 2017 can also register their interest in attending in order to receive regular updates and further information about attending the events.

The event will also be shown live on large screens in the Market Square at Ypres and at the Zonnebeke Chateau Grounds, so that those not able to secure a ticket will still be able to attend the public event on 30th July, and watch the Tyne Cot event on 31 July.



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England footballers join Living Memory project


Interim England football manager Gareth Southgate and three senior members of his squad – Wayne Rooney, Joe Hart and Daniel Sturridge – have visited Stapenhill Cemetery in Burton-upon-Trent in support of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s (CWGC) Living Memory Project.

Local interest

The Living Memory Project is a nationwide initiative aimed at encouraging communities to discover, explore and remember the war graves in their local area. This November, The FA and CWGC are working together to mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of the Somme.

Said Southgate: ‘I think it’s important for us to get a sense of perspective. We’re so held up in our own sport yet there are people that have given a lot more and they should be remembered for more significant acts than what we carry out on a football field.

‘We heard a remarkable story of somebody who came from Burton-upon-Trent and went to the Battle of the Somme as a stretcher-bearer and carried some of his colleagues back off the battle field.’

Football’s involvement

While the CWGC’s sites on the continent are well-known and visited, few people are aware that the commission cares for 300,000 graves and memorials throughout the UK in more than 12,000 locations.

The FA has encouraged football clubs at every level of the game to unite behind the Living Memory Project and remember all of those buried in CWGC graves in the UK.

Colin Kerr, Director of External Relations for the CWGC, said: ‘We’d urge visitors to lay flowers as a mark of remembrance but, most of all, we want people to share their experiences by tweeting photos using the handle @CWGC plus hashtag #LivingMemory. That way, we keep the spirit of these brave men and women alive and the war graves are never forgotten.’

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Remembrance statue goes on show in Glasgow

A First World War themed sculpture has been unveiled in Glasgow to raise awareness of the Scottish Poppy Appeal.

The Every Man Remembered statue, which stands approximately 23ft high, stands on a block of limestone from the Somme area of France and is encased in a glass box among thousands of poppies that float in the air.

Designed by artist Mark Humphrey, the statue has been placed in Glasgow’s George Square. It had previously made appearances in London’s Trafalgar Square (pictured above) and in Cardiff in 2014 and 2015 respectively.


British stretcher bearers on the Western Front, 1918

Ongoing needs

Mark Bibbey, chief executive at Poppyscotland, said: ‘The poppy continues to be a symbol of remembrance for those who have fallen but it also serves as a reminder of the living who still need our support.

‘In fact, one in eight veterans have a fundamental unmet need for support and more than half suffer from a long-term illness or disability.

‘That’s why we need the Scottish public to make their donation and wear their poppies with pride, so that we can be there for our ex-servicemen and women when they call for back-up.’

For more about the Royal British Legion’s Every Man Remembered campaign, click here.

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